Softwood lumber (North America)

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Softwood lumber (North America)
Carbon Footprint
GHG Emissions Facts
Per 1 cubic meter, kiln-dried, dimensional
Total:72.64 kg CO₂e
72,640 gCO₂e
 • Materials:10.56 kg CO₂e
10,560 gCO₂e
 • Production:62.09 kg CO₂e
62,090 gCO₂e
Material Use
Water Use
Per 1 cubic meter, kiln-dried, dimensional
Total:90.02 L
23.765 USgal
 • Materials:8.61 L
2.273 USgal
 • Production:81.41 L
21.492 USgal
Source: American Wood Council[1]

Softwood lumber (North America) refers to kiln-dried and planed dimensional lumber from North America. This article is a partial overview of the environmental impact of the lumber from resource extraction to factory gate (cradle to gate). Unless otherwise specified, data on this page refers to one cubic meter of kiln-dried dimensional lumber. The lumber has partial life cycle greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions of 72.64 kg carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2e).[1]


The lumber is composed of softwood. Forestry operations are responsible for 10.56 kg CO2e of GHG emissions or 15% of life cycle emissions up to the factory gate. Material production requires 8.61 L of water.[1]


Production of a lumber is responsible for 62.09 kg CO2e of GHG emissions or 85% of life cycle emissions up to the factory gate. Lumber production requires 81.41 L of water.[1]


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 North American Softwood Lumber Environmental Product Declaration. American Wood Council and Canadian Wood Council, 16 Apr. 2013. Web. 15 Jan. 2017. Archived