Netflix (streaming)

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Netflix (streaming)
Carbon Footprint
GHG Emissions Facts
Per one hour streaming
Total:0.0705 kg CO₂e
70.5 gCO₂e

 Production:0.0005 kg CO₂e
0.5 gCO₂e
 Usage:0.07 kg CO₂e
70 gCO₂e
Carbon Budget
Per person annual emissions

Netflix (streaming) is a streaming media service giving subscribers access to Netflix’s online library of films and television shows. One hour of Netflix streaming is responsible for approximately 0.0705 kg carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2e) of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Estimated yearly GHG emissions from average usage is 40 kg CO2e.


Most of the Netflix technology is operated on the Amazon Web Services (AWS) cloud platform. The AWS regions that Netflix utilizes obtain approximately 50% of their energy from renewable sources. The GHG emissions from these operations are mitigated through the purchase of renewable energy credits. This infrastructure is responsible for about 0.0005 kg CO2e of GHG emissions for every hour of streaming.[1]


After leaving the Netflix servers the data travels through the internet service providers (ISP) to the consumer. Netflix offers ISPs the option to interconnect directly and use smaller and more power-efficient switches as an alternative to routers when bringing Netflix traffic to their networks.[1] Environmental impact information from this life-cycle stage was not included in the company's report.


Consumers will utilize multiple pieces of personal equipment when streaming media. This equipment may include a cable modem, WiFi access point, and television with integrated internet or standard television with a digital media player. Netflix estimated in its calculation that a cable modem will consume 5 watts, WiFi access point will consume 10 watts, and the television with integrated internet will consume 100 watts. The company estimates that one hour of power usage for home streaming is responsible for 0.07 kg CO2e of GHG emissions.[1] In 2015 it was calculated that each individual subscriber streamed 568 hours of video using Netflix.[2]


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Netflix Streaming - More Energy Efficient than Breathing. Netflix Tech Blog. 27 May 2015. Web. 21 Nov. 2016. Archived.
  2. This Is How Much Netflix We’re All Watching Every Day. Time Inc. 19 Jan. 2016. Web. 21 Nov. 2016. Archived.