|GHG Emissions Facts|
|Per one device|
|Total:||43.9 kg CO₂e|
|Production:||35.78 kg CO₂e|
|Packaging:||0.2 kg CO₂e|
|Distribution:||3 kg CO₂e|
|Usage:||5.98 kg CO₂e|
|End of Life:||-1.11 kg CO₂e|
|Per person annual emissions|
|Per one device|
|Source: Fraunhofer IZM|
The Fairphone 2 is a modular smartphone. This article is an overview of the environmental impact of the phone throughout its life cycle. Unless otherwise specified, data on this page refers to one 32 GB device with retail packaging and manual. The phone has life cycle greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions of 43.9 kg carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2e).
GHG emission information specific to materials was not available. The manufacturer states that the devices comply with the Restriction of Hazardous Substances Directive (RoHS). This directive limits the amount of lead, mercury, cadmium, hexavalent chromium, and brominated flame retardants PBB and PBDE that can be present in the product. The device is made up of 168 grams of materials.
Production of the phone is responsible for 35.78 kg CO2e of GHG emissions. This data includes the impact of materials and packaging. Components for the fairphone are manufactured in China, Japan, Malaysia, South Korea, USA, Thailand, Taiwan, Switzerland, Hong Kong, The Netherlands, Saudi Arabia, Italy, and Germany.
Product packaging is responsible for 0.2 kg CO2e of GHG emissions. Bulk packaging of the product to the distribution hub requires 61.8 grams of card board and 15.4 grams of LDPE plastic. Retail packaging of the device requires 42 grams of Paperfoam (70 % potato starch and 20 % cellulose fibers), 36.5 grams of paper, 91.5 grams of cardboard, and 1 gram of plastic and glue.
Distribution of the product is responsible for 3 kg CO2e of GHG emissions. Transportation to the distribution hub in the Netherlands requires air and truck transport. Transport to consumers in Europe is by truck.
Use of the phone is responsible for 5.98 kg CO2e of GHG emissions. The battery is estimated to have a lifetime of two years, so two batteries will be used in the 3 year lifetime of the phone. The environmental impact of charging is based on daily charging with the energy mix reflecting the countries where the devices are sold. 
End of Life
The service life of the phone is estimated to be three years. All phones are assumed to be properly recycled, which is responsible for -1.11 kg CO2e of GHG emissions.
The table below lists products in the smartphone category with the lowest total GHG emissions.
|Product||Total (kg CO2e)|
|iPhone 6s (32GB)||54|
|iPhone 7 (32GB)||56|
|iPhone 6s Plus (32GB)||63|
- Smartphone - comparison of smartphone environmental impacts