Electric power

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Electric power is usually supplied to businesses and homes by the electric power industry through an electric power grid. It is most often sold by the kilowatt hour (kWh), which is the product of power in kilowatts and time in hours. The average household in the United States uses 901 kWh per month.[1] This is a comparison article of electric power carbon emissions per kWh by country, region, and generation method. The information in the tables below can be used to estimate the carbon footprint of electric power consumption.


By Country[edit]

Carbon Footprint[edit]

Carbon dioxide intensity[2]
Country Carbon emissions (kg CO2 / kWh)
Argentina 0.319
Australia 0.885
Austria 0.187
Belgium 0.310
Brazil 0.087
Canada 0.225
China 1.049
Denmark 0.385
Finland 0.222
France 0.078
Germany 0.512
Greece 0.876
India 1.003
Indonesia 0.715
Ireland 0.722
Italy 0.527
Japan 0.389
Malaysia 0.465
Mexico 0.689
Netherlands 0.487
New Zealand 0.167
Norway 0.003
Pakistan 0.524
Philippines 0.534
Portugal 0.508
Russia 0.347
South Africa 0.941
Saudi Arabia 0.545
Singapore 0.816
Spain 0.455
Sweden 0.041
Switzerland 0.007
United Kingdom 0.507
United States 0.610

By Region[edit]

Carbon Footprint[edit]

Carbon dioxide intensity[2]
Country Carbon emissions (kg CO2 / kWh)
Africa 0.705
Asia 0.772
European Union 0.362
Latin America 0.189
Middle East 0.672
North America 0.567
Pacific 0.465
Former USSR 0.367

By Generation Method[edit]

Carbon Footprint[edit]

Lifecycle GHG intensity (median)[3]
Source GHG (kg CO2e / kWh)
Coal 0.820
Natural Gas 0.490
Biomass (cofiring) 0.740
Biomass (dedicated) 0.230
Geothermal 0.038
Hydropower 0.024
Nuclear 0.012
Concentrated Solar Power 0.027
Solar Photovoltaic (rooftop) 0.041
Solar Photovoltaic (utility) 0.048
Wind (onshore) 0.011
Wind (offshore) 0.012

References[edit]

  1. FAQ: How much electricity does an American home use?. U.S. Energy Information Administration, 18 Oct. 2016. Web. 9 Nov. 2016.
  2. 2.0 2.1 IPCC/TEAP Special Report: Safeguarding the Ozone Layer and the Climate System. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, 30 Aug. 2013. Web. 9 Nov. 2016.
  3. Technology-specific Cost and Performance Parameters. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, 2014. Web. 9 Nov. 2016.