| This is an incomplete assessment. The following life cycle stages may be missing:
|GHG Emissions Facts|
|Per one liter|
|Total:||5.32 kg CO₂e|
|Source: systematic review|
Cream refers to the high-butterfat layer skimmed from the top of milk. The environmental impact information on this page includes greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions that result from the materials, production, packaging, and transport life cycle stages. The information doesn't include the GHG emissions from retail sale and consumer transport, storage, cooking, and disposal. The mean carbon footprint or GHG emissions, attributed to the product life-cycle stages from material production to distribution, are 5.32 kg carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2e) per liter.
The primary source for this carbon footprint information is a literature review published in the Journal of Cleaner Production. The environmental impact data for cream was obtained from four global warming potential (GWP) values published in three life cycle assessment (LCA) studies. The GWP values for cream had a median of 5.64 kg CO2e. These GWP ranged from 2.1 to 7.92 and had a standard deviation of 1.62.
The table below lists products in the dairy category with the lowest total GHG emissions.
|Product||Total (kg CO2e)|
|Yogurt (1 kg)||1.31|
|Yoghurt (1 kg)||1.43|
|Cream (1 L)||5.32|
|Cheese (1 kg)||8.86|
- Dairy - comparison of the GHG emissions from dairy products.
- S.J. Clune, E. Crossin, K. Verghese. Systematic review of greenhouse gas emissions for different fresh food categories. J. Clean. Prod., 140 (Part 2) (2016), pp. 766–783 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2016.04.082