Beef (EU)

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This is an incomplete assessment. The following life cycle stages may be missing:
 Usage  End-of-Life 

Beef (EU)
Carbon Footprint
GHG Emissions Facts
Per one kilogram bone-free meat
Total:26.05 kg CO₂e
26,050 gCO₂e
Source: meta-analysis[1]

Beef (EU) refers to the bone-free meat from cattle raised in Europe. The environmental impact information on this page includes GHG emissions that occur as a result of the materials, production, packaging, and transport life cycle stages. The information does not include the environmental impact of retail sale and consumer transport, storage, cooking, and disposal. The average (mean) carbon footprint or GHG emissions, attributed to the product life-cycle stages from material production to distribution, are 26.05 kg carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2e) per kilogram bone-free meat.[1]

The principal source for this environmental impact information is a systematic review published in the Journal of Cleaner Production. The information for beef was calculated from 75 global warming potential (GWP) values published in 25 life cycle assessment (LCA) studies. The GWP values for beef had a median of 24.96 kg CO2e. These GWP ranged from 10.74 to 42.3 and had a standard deviation of 6.78.[1]

Other products

The table below lists products in the meat category with the lowest total GHG emissions.

Carbon footprints of similar products
Product Total (kg CO2e)
Duck (1 kg) 3.09
Kangaroo (1 kg) 4.1
Chicken (1 kg) 4.12
Rabbit (1 kg) 4.7

See also

  • Meat - comparison of the environmental impacts of meats


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 S.J. Clune, E. Crossin, K. Verghese. Systematic review of greenhouse gas emissions for different fresh food categories. J. Clean. Prod., 140 (Part 2) (2016), pp. 766–783