Beef (AU)

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This is an incomplete assessment. The following life cycle stages may be missing:
 Usage  End-of-Life 

Beef (AU)
Carbon Footprint
GHG Emissions Facts
Per one kilogram bone-free meat
Total:23.06 kg CO₂e
23,060 gCO₂e
Source: systematic review[1]

Beef (AU) refers to the bone-free meat from cattle raised in Australia. The environmental impact information on this page includes greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions that result from the materials, production, packaging, and transport life cycle stages. It doesn't include the GHG emissions from retail sale and consumer transport, storage, cooking, and disposal. The mean carbon footprint or GHG emissions, attributed to the product life-cycle stages from material production to distribution, are 23.06 kg carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2e) per kilogram bone-free meat.[1]

The main source for this environmental impact information is a systematic literature review published in the Journal of Cleaner Production. The environmental impact information for beef was obtained from 24 global warming potential (GWP) values published in eight life cycle assessment (LCA) studies. The GWP values for beef had a median of 22.88 kg CO2e. These GWP ranged from 14.38 to 34.53 and had a standard deviation of 4.79.[1]

Other products

The table below lists products in the meat category with the lowest total GHG emissions.

Carbon footprints of similar products
Product Total (kg CO2e)
Duck (1 kg) 3.09
Kangaroo (1 kg) 4.1
Chicken (1 kg) 4.12
Rabbit (1 kg) 4.7

See also

  • Meat - comparison of the environmental impacts of meats


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 S.J. Clune, E. Crossin, K. Verghese. Systematic review of greenhouse gas emissions for different fresh food categories. J. Clean. Prod., 140 (Part 2) (2016), pp. 766–783