Apple Watch Series 2

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Apple Watch Series 2
Carbon Footprint
GHG Emissions Facts
Per device (42mm, Al case, sport band)
Total:30 kg CO₂e
30,000 gCO₂e
 Production:20 kg CO₂e
20,000 gCO₂e
 Distribution:3 kg CO₂e
3,000 gCO₂e
 Usage:6 kg CO₂e
6,000 gCO₂e
 End of Life:1 kg CO₂e
1,000 gCO₂e
Carbon Budget
Per person annual emissions
Material Use
plasticsteel
aluminumbattery
circuit boardsglass
displaymagnets
Source: Apple Inc[1]

The Apple Watch Series 2, a smartwatch, has life cycle greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions of 30 kg carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2e). The device is designed, developed, and marketed by Apple Inc. in Cupertino, California, United States. Unless otherwise stated the information on this page is based on the 42 mm device with aluminum case and sport band. The Apple Watch Series 2 42 mm with stainless steel case and leather loop band has life cycle GHG emissions of 42 kg CO2e, and the Apple Watch Edition with sport band has GHG emissions of 157 kg CO2e. The environmental impact statistics exclude the magnetic charging cable and USB power adapter. Apple estimates a service life of three years, which gives it an estimated annual carbon footprint of about 10 kg CO2e for the 42 mm device with aluminum case and sport band.[1]

The principal source of information for this article is an environmental report published by Apple Inc.[1] Third-party verification of carbon emissions associated with company operations was obtained by Apple from Bureau Veritas, and calculations of downstream emissions related to the product were checked for quality and accuracy by the Fraunhofer Institute in Germany.[2]

Materials

Carbon emissions from materials is included in the production statistics. The device is composed of plastic (41 g), steel (12 g), aluminum (8 g), lithium-ion polymer battery (5 g), circuit boards (4 g), glass (3 g), display (1 g), magnets (1 g), and other materials (1 g). The manufacturer states that the device complies with the Restriction of Hazardous Substances Directive (RoHS) and the European regulation on Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals (REACH). The RoHS directive limits the amount of lead, mercury, cadmium, hexavalent chromium, and the brominated flame retardants PBB and PBDE that can be present in the product. Materials are stated to be free of brominated flame retardants (BFR), polyvinyl chloride (PVC), beryllium, and mercury. The terms BFR-free and PVC-free are defined by Apple as less than 900 parts per million (ppm) or 0.09% bromine and chlorine. Beryllium free is defined as less than 1000 ppm of beryllium.[1] Apple has also placed additional restrictions on materials included in products, like the Apple Watch, that have prolonged contact with the skin. These restrictions are based on existing Apple policies, international laws and directives, and recommendations from toxicologists and dermatologists.[3]

Production

Production of the Apple Watch Series 2 is responsible for emitting 20 kg CO2e or 68% of life cycle GHG emissions. Production carbon footprint statistics include raw material extraction, production, and transport, in addition to the manufacturing of the product and packaging.[1]

Packaging

The product packaging is composed of a retail box which is transported to the retailer in a corrugated shipping box. The retail box is composed of 1 gram of plastic and 416 grams of paperboard, corrugate, and non-wood fiber. The shipping box is responsible for the use of 163 grams of paperboard, corrugate, and non-wood fiber and 6 grams of plastic for each device. The retail box for the watch includes 39 percent recycled content. Fiber used to make the retail packaging is composed of recycled content, waste sugarcane fiber, bamboo, and wood fiber from sustainably managed forests. The carbon footprint of the packaging is included in the production carbon footprint.[1]

Distribution

Distribution of the packaged watch produces 3 kg CO2e or 10% of life cycle GHG emissions. Distribution carbon footprint statistics include air and sea transport from the manufacturing location to distribution hubs and transport to the end consumer from the distribution hubs.[1]

Usage

Product use by the consumer is estimated to emit 6 kg CO2e or 19% of life cycle GHG emissions. User energy consumption and carbon emissions assumes intensive daily use for three-years by the first owner of the watch.[1]

End of Life

Recycling of the Apple Watch Series 2 is responsible for 3% of life cycle GHG emissions or about 1 kg CO2e. The end-of-life carbon footprint is from product recycling. It includes transportation from collection hubs to recycling centers and the mechanical separation and shredding of parts. Recycling is available in 99 percent of regions where the products are sold.[1]

Other products

The table below lists products in the smartwatch category with the lowest total GHG emissions.

Carbon footprints of similar products
Product Total (kg CO2e)
Apple Watch Series 1 (42mm) 20
Apple Watch Series 2 (42mm) 30

See also

  • Smartwatches - comparison of environmental impacts of smartwatches
  • Apple Inc - comparison of GHG emissions from Apple Inc. products
  • Apple Watch – comparison of Apple Watches

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 Apple Watch Series 2 Environmental Report. Apple Inc., 7 Sep. 2016. Web. 7 Nov. 2016.
  2. "More answers to your questions about Apple and the environment.". Apple. Accessed January 4 2017. http://www.apple.com/environment/answers/.. Archived
  3. Restricted Chemicals for Wearables. Apple Inc., Apr. 2015. Web. 6 Nov. 2016.